Rivet, Paul (1876-1958)
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French anthropologist; close associate of Marcel Mauss. Field studies among Native South Americans in the Andes. Founded (with Mauss and Lévy-Bruhl) the Institute of Ethnology at the University of Paris (1926), and (in 1937) Musée de l'Homme (Paris). Rivet did extensive work on Native South American cultures and languages (Aymara, Quechua) and the origins of Man in the Americas. An active anti-fascist during the 1930's, he joined the French resistance during the first years of the War, after which he moved to South America, where he founded the Institute of Ethnology of Columbia (1942), returning after the War to Musée de l'Homme.