Redfield, Robert (1897-1958)
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American cultural anthropologist. Ph.D. at the University of Chicago, 1928 (published as Tepoztlán, a Mexican Village, 1930). Fieldwork in Mexico and Guatemala. His studies of peasant culture and religion, and the folk and urban continuum (little tradition vs. great tradition), were very influential and would later inspire his pioneering work on enculturation. They have later been debated extensively. Redfield's work was close to that of the Culture and Personality School (see Ruth Benedict), and provided a culturalist alternative to the materialist studies of peasants pioneered by Julian Steward.

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