Bilag 2

Human rights teaching in Georgia
Knowledge and skills recommended for teaching human rights in Georgian schools by the "Scandinavian team", NRC, Oslo January 1998

A. Basic knowledge about human rights

I. The main human rights instruments within the United Nations' system

The teacher should
a) know the existence of
b) have a general understanding of the content of
c) know the history behind
the following documents:
- The Universal Declaration of Human Rights
- International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
- International Covenant on Cultural and Political Rights
- Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women
- Convention on the Rights of the child
- The Refugee Convention
(In the Handbook for Teachers this corresponds to pages 6-14 and 22-37. Latest English version).

II. The UN system
The teacher should have some basic knowledge about the UN system and how it works, especially in the field of human rights:
- 'I'he work of the High Commissioner for Human Rights
- The work of the Human Rights Commission
- Different ways the UN seeks to protect and promote human rights, by normative and monitoring measures

(In the Handbook for Teachers this corresponds to pages 15-22 and 24-25.)

III. Other organiztions working for human rights
The teacher should know the existence and work of organizations, working both in Georgia and internationally to promote and protect human rights:
- The Council of Europe, the European Convention and the European Court for Human Rights
- OSCE (the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe)
- Amnesty International
- UNICEF (children's rights)
- UNHCR (the rights of refugees)
- Others

IV. Human rights and Georgia
The teacher should have some knowledge about how human rights relates to Georgian hiistory and law.
- Examples of old Georgian laws
- Human rights heroes from Georgian history, people that worked for peace, understanding and reconciliation
- Human rights in Georgia during the Soviet period
- Human rights in Georgia after independence

B. Human rights education - methodology

The teacher should have knowledge about, a positive attitude towards and some skills in democratic teaching methods:
- How human rights apply to the classroom
- The importance of a democratic atmosphere in the classroom
- A democratic and participatory approach to teaching.

I. Different approaches and methods in human rights teaching
The teacher should have some knowledge about and experience in using different kinds of methods and approaches in the teaching of human rights.
Thee teacher should be able to make the pupils/students take part in practical exercises and be aware that there can be different solutions to tasks and problems.
The teacher should be aware of how one can make things more easily understood by the students through visualization and concretization.

The following topics are at the core of human rights teaching and teachers should know ways of dealing with them in the classroom:
1. How to build self-esteem among children and young people
2. How to use exercises that let the students express feelings
3. How to focus on values and let students form and state opinions
4. How literature: poems, songs, stories, myths, can be used to illustrate human rights
5. How to use role play and act out different situations
6. How to deal with conflicts, different ways of solving them and how to create consciousness about how they arise and develop
7. How to work with prejudices and stereotypes to promote tolerance and combat ethnocentrism and racism

Important topics to discuss are:
1. The relations between basic needs and human rights
2. The relations between human rights and duties
3. The relations between human rights and democracy

(Examples of this can be found in the Handbook for Teachers pages 4-5, 38-120.)

C. In what subjects should human rights be included

Basically human rights apply to all subjects and should influence all the work taking place at school. However, there are some subjects where they are more easily included into the curriculum. Teachers of these subjects should be the first ones to receive human rights training. The relevant subject would include:
- history
- civics
- language
- mother tongue
- (other subjects found relevant according to Georgian school system and traditions)